Professor Amitai Ziv

Amitai Ziv teaches medical education at Tel Aviv University and is Deputy Director of the Sheba Medical Center at Tel Hashomer. He is also the founder and Director of the Israel Center for Medical Simulation, involved in a nationwide effort to introduce new standards and approaches to health care training and patient safety. Prof. Ziv has served as consultant for the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates International Clinical Skills Assessment Program and is the recipient of many awards, including the 2007 Charles Bronfman Prize for Humanitarian Action.

Professor Ray Land

Ray Land is Professor of Higher Education at Durham University and Director of Durham’s Centre for Academic Practice.  He previously held similar positions at the Universities of Strathclyde, Coventry and Edinburgh. He has been a higher education consultant for the OECD, the British Council and the European Commission (EC) and has recently been involved in collaborative projects in Europe, Latin America, Africa and India.  He was advisor to the Norwegian TRANSark project on architectural education.  He has published widely in the field of educational research, including works on educational development, learning technology and quality enhancement.  He is best known for his theory (with Jan Meyer) of Threshold Concepts and Troublesome Knowledge.  A recent edited book, Threshold Concepts in Practice (Sense 2016) is the fourth in a tetralogy on this theme. His latest publications with George Gordon have been Enhancing Quality in Higher Education: International Perspectives (Routledge 2013) and Teaching Excellence Initiatives: modalities and operational factors (HEA 2015). He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts and a Principal Fellow of the Higher Education Academy.  He lives in Edinburgh.  (Further information at: